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OINOCHOE

Serving of wine

OINOCHOE

The name of the vessel comes from the Greek words (οίνος + χέω) oinos + heo. It is one of the most common vessels and is distinguished by the multitude of different types. 8 types are distinguished while John Beazley distinguishes 10 different types.

The orifice can be trefoil-shaped or circular. The body in other cases is slender while in others it has the shape of a bulb. The neck and shoulder may be separate or form a single curve with the body.

It is used for pumping or serving wine and we find it as an offering in graves along with lekythos.

The main types are distinguished by the following characteristics:

a) Slender body with a single curve from mouth to base. Usually this type is called olpi.

b) Slender body with a shoulder slightly separated from the body.

c) Bulb-shaped body with a single curve from mouth to base, with trefoil mouth, low foot and low handle. This type is also called "hus"; it was used during the games of the hos, i.e. wine competitions. here

d) Bulb-shaped body with distinct neck and circular orifice

e) Bulb-shaped body with distinct neck and trefoil-shaped mouth.

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